A mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak.Movements of tectonic plates create volcanoes along the plate boundaries, which erupt and form mountains.
Mountains tend to occur in groups, called ranges. A mountain’s highest point is called its peak . The bottom of the mountain where it meets normal ground is the base.
The smallest mountain in the world is the little known Mount Wycheproof at 141 feet above the surrounding terrain. However, the mountain stands 486 feet above the sea level. The mountain is located in Terrick Terrick Range in Australia.
Mountains play a significant role in providing water and food supply to the millions of people in the world. 13 percent of the world’s population live in the mountains. Mountains are facing risk from climate change and natural calamities.
Mountains are most often formed by movement of the tectonic plates in the Earth’s crust. Great mountain ranges like the Himalayas often form along the boundaries of these plates. Tectonic plates move very slowly. It can take millions and millions of years for mountains to form.
Mount Everest is called the world’s highest mountain because it has the “highest elevation above sea level.” We could also say that it has the “highest altitude.” The peak of Mount Everest is 8,850 meters (29,035 feet) above sea level.
There are 1,000,809 mountains in the world!
The mountain most widely claimed to be the highest unclimbed mountain in the world in terms of elevation is Gangkhar Puensum (7,570 m (24,840 ft)). It is in Bhutan, on or near the border with China.
Annapurna is widely considered to be the deadliest mountain on Earth, and one of the most difficult to climb.
Mt. Everest is 29,000 feet high, and airliners can fly above 40,000 feet, so they are certainly capable of it. However, typical flight routes do not travel above Everest as the mountains create unforgiving weather and poor options in an emergency.